Our dear Prophet, the most honorable human being ever, was born. He was given the name Muhammad.
Our Prophet was given to a wet-nurse, Halima. She was enriched and rejoiced by his presence.
Our Prophet thrived with Halima’s milk. He returned to his mother Amina’s lap as a well-grown child.
When his mother passed away, our Prophet went to live with His grandfather who embraced him with open arms.
Upon his grandfather’s death, our Prophet began to live with his uncle. They went on long trips together. His uncle taught our Prophet about trade.
Our Prophet was together with the good people of Mecca. He joined the Alliance of the Virtuous (Hilf al-Fudul).
Our Prophet was also a successful trader. He took a large caravan to the city of Bosra. Earning a living with this profession, he fulfilled its requirements in the best way.
Our Prophet married Khadijah, a beautiful and noble woman of Mecca. The first person to believe in him when Muhammad (pbuh) became a Prophet, Khadijah always loved him. She confronted difficulties side-by-side with him.
The Kaaba was a sacred house even before Islam. Hajar al-Aswad, meaning the black stone, was an untouchable symbol of that house. Once, during repairs on the sacred house, the Meccan tribes were disputing with one another about who would put the stone in its place. When they were about to come to conflict on this matter, our Prophet walked in and spread a cloth on the ground. He put the sacred stone in the middle. Holding the four corners of the cloth, the tribes carried the Hajar al-Aswad all together. Our Prophet then placed it in its place. Under the leadership of the Prophet, the problem was solved without conflict.
While he was in the cave of Hira, where he sometimes used to go, our Prophet met an angel. God gave him some verses through the angel Gabriel. These verses were the first words of the Holy Quran which guided him and all of mankind.
The first verses of the Holy Quran told first our Prophet and then all of humanity to “Read.” “Read! In the name of your Lord who created, Who created man from a clinging substance: Read! And your Lord is the most Generous. He who taught (the use of) the pen, taught man that which he knew not.” Sura Alaq, verses 1-5
God commanded the Prophet to inform those close to him of the truth He taught. He told him to speak the truth clearly. Truth should not be hidden. And among the beautiful persons who believed in our Prophet was his 10-year-old cousin, Ali.
Difficult days awaited those who believed in our Prophet. For unbelievers did not leave them alone, they commited many hostile acts against them.
Unable to live comfortably in the city of Mecca, the believers made their first Migration to Abyssinia, with the permission of the Prophet.
Every city has brave warriors. Mecca’s warriors were Hamza and Omar. They were very strong. After becoming Muslim, they became even more courageous with the faith in their hearts. They turned into the fearless heroes of Muslims.
Abu Talib was not a fatherly friend, but an uncle who acted as a father to our Prophet. When he died, the Prophet’s strongest support was gone. Soon afterwards, his beloved wife Khadija also died. Her death meant the loss of his trusting lifetime mate. That year was filled with grief from the beginning to the end. That is why Muslims called this the “Year of Sorrow.”
Our Prophet explained Islam not only to Meccans but also to pilgrims coming from surrounding towns. A group from Yathrib whole-heartedly believed in our Prophet. (1st Aqaba Pledge)
Those were very difficult days. All the doors in the city of Mecca were closing in the faces of the believers. At such a time, something extraordinary happened. Our Prophet made a miraculous “Night Journey.” One night, he was suddenly taken from the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca to the Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem. There, he met with former Prophets. Then he was taken to the highest point possible in the heavens. He had a very special meeting with God. This incident was called the “Miraj”. God gave Muslims “salah” (daily prayers) as a gift. Salah is like a ladder rising to the heavens for those who believe.
Our Prophet sent Musab as a teacher for Muslims in Yathrib. Musab, a kind, knowledgeable and very polite young man, became the first teacher of Islam. He enlightened people about how to practice this religion correctly.
The people of Medina (Yathrib) quickly embraced the religion of Islam. And as a large group, almost all the representatives of the city accepted Islam. (2nd Aqaba Pledge)
Medina embraced those taking refuge in it like a caring mother. Muslims began to migrate to Medina in order to practice their religion more easily.
Idol-worshippers thought they could destroy the belief in the One God by killing our Prophet who had remained alone in Mecca. So in an evil assembly, they decided to kill him.
God saved our Prophet from the traps of the enemies. He got saved through reciting verses from the Quran. Then he set off to Medina with his friend, Abu Bakr. They took refuge in the Cave Thawr for a few days.
When our Prophet reached Quba on the way to Medina, a small masjid was built there.
In this masjid near Medina, Friday prayer was performed for the first time as a group. Friday prayer represented unity and solidarity. It was to say, “Become a beautiful people all together.”
When our Prophet settled in Medina, a house for him and a masjid for all the Muslims were built. From that day on, the Prophet’s Masjid (Masjid an-Nabawi) became a meeting place for Muslims.
To call out to Muslims for prayer, they came up with the “adhan”. Whenever the adhan was called, Muslims ran to prayer as if God was calling them. Salah was the moment of meeting with God.
The people of Medina not only gave shelter to the Muslims coming from Mecca, they also opened their hearts to them. Thus, a rare brotherhood started between the locals of Medina (Ansar) and the migrants (Muhajir).
One part of our Prophet’s Masjid was turned into a school. Those who wanted to learn Islam better rushed there to become students of the Prophet.
For the first time, Muslims had to fight with the idolaters who did not recognize their right to live. At Badr, thousands of angels came to the aid of the believers.
The direction where Muslims turn during their prayers is determined to be the Kaaba. It became Muslims’ “qibla”.
Fasting was made mandatory. Muslims would now fast throughout the month of Ramadan, they would learn to be patient against difficulties, and better understand the people who go through hunger.
One of our Prophet’s roses withered: His daughter Ruqiyya, who was married to Uthman, passed away.
“Fitr” charity was made mandatory so that the poor could fulfil their needs and enjoy the holiday.
The believers were gifted a holiday after one month of fasting. Muslims gathered together at Eid and performed the Eid prayer all together.
Our Prophet got married to Aisha.
Ali, who was raised by our Prophet since his childhood, got married to our Prophet’s beloved daughter, Fatima.
The Eid al-Adha was celebrated for the first time. “Zakat”, or the rich to help the poor, was commanded for the first time on this date.
Uthman got married to our Prophet’s daughter, Umm Kulthum.
The first grandchild, Hasan was born. He was a lucky child to have our Prophet as his grandfather.
A battle took place in Uhud. Since Muslims did not keep their promise to our Prophet, they lost. With this battle, Muslims learned the importance of obedience.
Alcohol, the key to all the evils, was prohibited.
The second grandchild was born: Hussain. His grandfather was our Prophet.
To stop enemies attacking Medina, Muslims dug trenches all around the city. This baffled the idol-worshippers. They were not able to pass through the trenches and harm the Muslims.
There was drought in Medina. Our Prophet and his companions prayed to God for rain to fall.
The sacred house, Kaaba was visited at a time other than the Hajj. This visit was called “Umra”. Muslims fulfilled their longing for the Kaaba.
Our Prophet visited his dear mother’s grave at Abwa.
A significant agreement was signed with Meccans at Hudaybiya.
The sura al-Fath was revealed. Explaining help and success, this sura was a beautiful gift to Muslims.
Our Prophet wanted everyone to believe in God. He prayed for everyone to find the straight path. He wrote letters explaining Islam and sent them to surrounding countries with ambassadors. The ambassadors were like pigeons carrying good news.
One more of our Prophet’s roses wilted. His daughter Zainab passed away.
Our Prophet set out to reunite with Mecca, his hometown, which he had been forced to abandon. Mecca was conquered. Idols were cleared out from the Kaaba.
Our Prophet met with his milk-sister Shayma after a long time. They had been nourished by the same milk and they had played together in the sand dunes in the desert.
Tabuq: A victory where the believers were tried with difficulties and those who were patient won.
The famous poet Qab ibn Zuhayr, who lived during our Prophet’s time, became Muslim. Our Prophet took off his special garment and gave it to Qab as a gift. This way he showed how much he values arts and artists.
Mecca’s biggest idol Lat was smashed. He died in people’s hearts. He has never been alive anyway!
Our Prophet recited the Holy Quran twice from the beginning to the end during the month of Ramadan. Every verse of the Quran, which he recited together with the angel Gabriel, was correct. We too read the Quran together during Ramadan to keep the memory of mutual recitation alive.
Our Prophet had grown old. During the pilgrimage season, he addressed the believers for the last time. He delivered a summary of what he had tirelessly told people until that time. He made extremely important reminders. This speech was called the “Farewell Address.”
Our Prophet performed his final pilgrimage. For the last time, he circumambulated the house of God, Kaaba, seven times with sincerity. This was called “tawaf.”
Our Prophet fell ill, and completing his lifetime journey like every human does, he passed away. Our Prophet was buried next to his masjid.